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that's what Happened in North Africa between 20.500BC to 1500 BC; The Great Expansions
Topic Started: Apr 18 2010, 11:37 PM (4,164 Views)
samysamy25
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that's what Happened in North Africa between 20.500BC to 1500 BC


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http://pagesperso-orange.fr/atil/atil/www.htm

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THE OUCHTATIENS / OUCHTATAS:

The people were Ouchtatiens mechtoïde race (race and Mechta-Afalou ) ie square-magnoïdes, and their culture was characterized by the use Mesolithic stone slat type Ouchtata.
Ibero-Maurusians, or Oranians , or Ouchtatians archaeological industry spread in Northern Africa in the Paleoltihic period. from the local Aterian culture. The culture existed between 30 000 — 8 550 BC.
The Ibero-Maurusian people belonged to the Mechtoid anthropological type

Here are the stages that have succeeded in Ouchtatiens of Egypt:

Ouchtatiens-Edfouens and Shuwikhatiens (-23,000 / -17,000 BC):

Use of stone blades. Progression of the desert.

Ouchtatiens-Fakkuriens (-19,000 / -17,000 BC):

Progression of the desert.

Ouchtatiens-Kubbaniens Halfians Egypt and Nubia (-17,000 / -14,000 BC):

Using strips microlithic. The Sahara desert is at its maximum expansion and the Nile Valley is sandy
(dry period Ogolian / Leopold).

Ouchtatiens-Silsilian Ballanan Egypt and Nubia (-14,000 / -11,500 BC):


Use of microliths. Decline of the desert
the Nile valley becomes very marshy This is the period of "Wild Nile".

Ouchtatiens-Sébékiens, and Manchiens Isniens (-11500 / -7400 BC):

Using macrolithes. Decline Davant Sebilian peoples in Nubia. The desert continues to decline and the Nile Valley to be very marshy.

Ouchtatiens Arkiniens-(-7400 / -5700 BC):


use of grinding wheels for grinding plants, recovery of Nubia.

Carouniens-(-5800 / 4400 bc):

Nubia and Upper Egypt in the hands of Shamarkiens (mixture Sebilian of Capsians and Ounaniens-Elkabiens.

Here are the stages that have succeeded in Ouchtatiens Maghreb:

Ouchtatiens-Ibéromaurusians (-20000 -9000 BC / -20,000 -10,900 BC):

People of hunter-gatherers using stone microblades customs and having to retrieve their upper incisors, probably because of the port of labret.

Ouchtatiens-Cristelliens (-9000 -7500 BC / -10900 -9100 BC):

Using non-geometric microliths. The Capsians (proto-Hamitic Berbers from the east) settled in Tripolitania.

Ouchtatiens-Kérémiens (BC -7500 -6000 / -9100 -7900 BC):

Using geometric microliths. Retreat to the west front of the advancing Capsians.

Ouchtatiens-Columnatiens (BC -6000 -4500 / -7300 -5500):

Using ultra-geometric microliths. Men are now mechtoïdes gracilized and we notice now that they remove both their upper and lower incisors (as Capsians).
Cardial Sailors from Europe settled on the coasts of North Africa and introduced pottery conical, a little agriculture, particularly the breeding of sheep and goats between -6000 and -5500 BC.Tribes of mechtoïdes live up in northern Mali, but they suffer the invasion of Negroid Ounaniens to -5500 -5000 BC / BC -6600 -5900

Ouchtatiens-Neolithic coastal Mediterranean-Atlantic (BC -4400 -1300 / -5500 -1600 BC):

It is possible that it was these shepherds and farmers that the Greek historians called Atlantis or Atarantians and Lyxites or Loxites. they raised sheep, pigs, cattle and goats and separated into two sub-cultures:
The Neolithic-atlanto-Mauritanian coastal Tarfaya (on the South west coast of western sahara, Spanish Sahara and Mauritania), very influenced by people Ounaniens / Sudanese and Saharan pottery "dotted-wavy-lines".

Gradually mechtoïdes let themselves be absorbed by interbreeding with the Sudanese and Saharan Negroid then with the Proto-Berber (there are still bodies in mechtoïdes mounds of northern Mali to In-Sakhan -2550 -850 BC / -3500 -1100 BC)
The last of mechtoïdes were the Guanches of the Canary Islands. Those who were less mixed maintained their former appearance of Cro-magnoïdes blond hair.


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THE SUDANESE-Saharan OUNANIANS:

The Ounaniens / Sudanese and Saharan Half-Negroids robust and non-prognathous (proto-Fulani?). These are the ancestors of the peoples of Sudanic languages / Nilo-Saharan.
Their civilization through the following stages:


- Ounanieans Kiffians (-9200 -6600 BC)

They are hunters. They are also fishermen using harpoons bone. At that time the Sahara is in full Holocene wet period (7500 / 6500 BC): it is crisscrossed by rivers and Lake Chad is enormous. These people are using stone bowls to the kitchen and then to 7350 BC (9000 BC) they invented pottery spherical "wavy-lines" (decorated with motifs of wavy lines and zigzags in impressions swivel). Their dead are buried, their bodies coated in white kaolin, in a wicker coffin. The grave is marked by a flat stone painted in ocher, placed above the location of the head. They frescoes schematic (art of "Roundheads") on the rocks. This art knows several steps:
- Style "monochrome" painting with thick tan-red-purple.
- Style "polychrome" representative of major characters with a thick red ring.
- Style "justices" polychrome masks representing.
The Ounaniens progressing towards the oases of Egypt to the west (Nabta Playa in--7500 -6500 BC), to Egypt in the south (in Elkab -7400 -6500 BC / BC -9000 -8000 ), to Nubia (in Khartoum -6500 -4000 BC), near the border between Sudan and Eritrea (In Atbay in BC -5500 -4500 / -6700 -6100 BC) and to large lakes ( -7000 to -6000 in Lowasa BC / -8500 -7300 BC). In this region they come into contact with the male type capoîde "related to the Bushmen and Hottentots of South Africa: the Oropoms. The legends of southern Sudan have also retained the memory of capoïdes skinned reddish called "Argits.
The Ounaniens also will slip later in the west to Mali to the north (Araouane, and Outeidat KOBADA in BC -5500 -3200 / -6700 -4100 BC) and to the Spanish Sahara (painting style " Roundheads "in Tifariti).

- Ounaniens Sudanese and Saharan Neolithic (-5400 BC -4700 / -6600 -5900 BC):


The drought progresses, it is in full mid-Holocene arid period (-5500 BC -5200 / -6700 -6300 BC). Livestock is fed by the north-east (Middle East). The dead are buried with their bodies painted in ocher. The pots are of the "wavy-dotted-lines" (decorated with motifs dotted wavy lines) and rock paintings are like "black Bovidian Sefar Ozenéaré-(ocher paint thin flat areas). The Nubia Ounaniens go until they bring their new pottery in Khartoum in 5050 BC and SHABON / -6200 BC.

- Ounaniens Ténéréens (-4700 BC -1200 / -5700 -1500 BC):

Decline of the drought, it is full wet Neolithic period. Decline Ounaniens south face of growing black and mixed race of Abaniora Terekenbet (large black slender). The pottery "dotted-wavy-lines" are still used. Ounaniens of the Neolithic farmers created in Khartoum in Shaheinabian -3800 -3000 av.Jc. / -4400 -3900 BC and penetrate to the border between Sudan and Eritrea (Kassala culture-butane, BC -3800 -2500 / -4700 -3100 BC). The pottery "dotted-wavy-lines" also penetrate into northern Mali and Mauritania, but belatedly.

Then the Sudanese and Saharan Ounaniens recede still faced with the arrival of proto-Berber and probably under their influence, will be to agriculture in the west they cultivate millet (circa 1800 / 1500 BC) and is they cultivate sorghum (c. 800 BC).
Their descendants are the Sudanic-speaking peoples / Nilo-Saharan:
Nubians in North Sudan, Toubous Chad (very mixed race), Nilotic Sudan and the southern Great Lakes region.


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THE PEOPLE OF EL HASSI Abiodh:

The people of Hassi-el-Abiodh were men mechtoïde race (race Mechta Mechta-Afalou and El-Arbi) ie square-magnoïdes like Ouchtatiens.
They lived in Mauritania and northern Mali but suffered invasion Half Negroids Ounaniens / Sudanese and Saharan to -5500 / -5000 av.Jc. They dominated the culturally: we find indeed their pottery "wavy-lines" to Araouane, and KOBADA Outeïdat.
Gradually mechtoïdes let themselves be absorbed by interbreeding with the Sudanese and Saharan Negroid from the east and with the proto-Berbers from the north. There were however still in the body mechtoïdes mounds of northern Mali to In-Sakhan to 2550 / 850 av.Jc.). When the skeleton solved Asselar (Tilemsi Valley), dating from 4500 BC Some scholars believe it is that of a black while others claim that it was now that of a mechtoïde.
The last of mechtoïdes were the Guanches of the Canary Islands. Those who were less mixed maintained their former appearance of Cro-magnoïdes blond hair.

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THE PEOPLES OF ABANIORA:

The Abaniora people of mixed races Half white ancestory were from the (Capsians Mediterranean race or Ouchtatiens mechtoïde race).they settled in the Tassili BC -4400 to -3000 (-5400 to -3900 BC), which corresponds to the Neolithic humid period in the Sahara. They were pastors of cattle and sheep and their rock paintings were styled "black Bovidian Abaniora (ocher paint swatch or black). These people walked west to the Spanish Sahara or found paintings of the same type Tifariti. Another style aparente was found in the Hoggar, the Ouenat the Djerat and Tassili Terekenbet style, which represents large black slender.
C. 2800 BC / 3500 BC, these people will be replaced by the Proto-white Berbers from the north: the People of Iheren-Tahilahi.

Currently blacks harratins oases of the Sahara are the descendants of Abaniora peoples who were enslaved by Berbers. It is also possible that the current Fulani (who speak a language Niger-Kordofanian), also descended peoples Abaniora.






Edited by samysamy25, May 15 2010, 02:17 PM.
Arabs And East African Sub-Saharan Ancestory

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Flashrad
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Ounanians are not really negroid, since kiffians aren't. Kiffians are mechtoid and tenerians are med.
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samysamy25
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Ouanians of Mezolithic and Pre-Neolithic Era were Caucasians of Mechtoid Type (-9200 -6600 BC)
there was a several types of them during the Neolithic wich are Mixed with the Negroids of sudan (some Khoisanids and pygmitid tribes ) during the Neolithic Era around (-5400 BC -4700 / -6600 -5900 BC)
The Ounaniens Tenerians were also Caucasians of Capsian Neolithic type (-4700 BC -1200 / -5700 -1500 BC) before being mixed with Abaniora People and the Earliest Ouanian Sudanese around
( 1800 / 1500 BC) Their descendants are the Sudanic-speaking peoples / Nilo-Saharan:
Nubians in North Sudan, Toubous Chad (very mixed race), Nilotic Sudan and the southern Great Lakes region. and you know Capsians have so much J1 and other Back-Eurasian Markers
the same case with Abaniora People !

I am Interesting about hassi el biodh people ! wich are killed by these Mixed people of the Earliest Ouanians and Abaniora ....
Edited by samysamy25, May 25 2010, 11:44 PM.
Arabs And East African Sub-Saharan Ancestory

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samysamy25
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The Periods

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Cushitic peoples:

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Cushitic peoples
Cushitic peoples are related to the peoples of Afro-Asiatic: Berbers, Egyptians and Semites.
Their civilizations have followed the following stages:

- Cushitic Éburrians / Éburranians / Proto-Capsians form of Mechtoid Uchatian Kenya (-10000 / -3600):
Caucasian Hunter-gatherers using microliths and blades of obsidian later time Mixed with Ouanian Khoisan's


- Asa-Cushitic Ghoubbetians Ragid (4800 BC):
They are fishermen living on the coast of Djibouti on the side. They use microliths and pottery incised and combed (pottery introduced by Ounaniens Sudan).

- Gogoshiis of Cushitic-Qabe (-3200 BC -1400 / -4100 -1600 BC):
The pottery comes in southern Somalia.

- Lake Cushitic-B Besaka Ethiopia (-2800 BC -1500 / -3600 -1900 BC):
They are Cushitic Negroid using microliths and pottery smooth incised, impressed, cordate or combed (pottery introduced by the Cushitic the coast).

- Cushitic Dongodiens former Pastoral Neolithic (-2500 BC -1200 / -3100 -1500 BC):
These are pastoralists raising goats and sheep (animals introduced by Ounanian pastors of Sudan). They use pottery type Nder / Gumban A "decorated with incised dots and inside. They also use bowls of stone.
From Kenya's north, Cushitic Dongodiens are heading south to Kenya and northern Tanzania between 1300 and 1000 BC (-1900 / -1600 BC). They are divided into two groups: The pastors of the savanna, who bury their dead in mounds, and which incinerate Elmenteitiens. Currently, these tribes settled in Tanzania are named Iraqws.

- About 2100 BC (2600 BC), the Cushitic will move to Yemen to train the state of Tihama (Sabr and SIHI). But they are finally expelled by the Semites of the kingdom of Sheba.

Cushit Arts :

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The Capsians :
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The Capsians were AA-speaking peoples, ancestors of the Berbers (thus related to the people of Afro-Asiatic languages: Egyptian, Cushitic and Semitic).
They were of Mediterranean race (breed of Aïn-Méterchem).
Here are the stages experienced by their civilization:

Proto-Capsians Éburrians / Éburranians Kenya (-10000 / -3600):

The Capsians begin to rise towards North East Africa. Using geometric microliths.

Lybico-of-Hawa-Fteah Capsians (- 10400 BC / - 8000 BC):
The Capsians settle in Cyrenaica and expanded into the Middle east and sudan East Africa

- Modern Capsians ( -7800BC / -9500 -5700 BC):

The Capsians settle in Tunisia. They live by hunting and gathering and use of geometric microliths. They cover their dead with ocher and convenient removal of upper and lower incisors (probably because of the use of the labret) especially among women.

-Capsians Tiarétiens-Neolithic (-5600 / -4900 BC):

Under the influence of cardial from Europe, the Capsians adopt the use of pottery (some decorated). Agriculture and livestock are also introduced but not yet charged, the archery remaining very used. The Capsians seep gradually into the Sahara and west of the Maghreb.
The art of rock engravings and growing: it is the time of the art "buballin naturalist.
Large buballes drawings are created. These are carved in the style in both legs in the Atlas and in the style on all fours in the Sahara. The lions are represented in the style Djattou. Therianthropes (man-hunting dogs) are also etched in sex scenes in the west and hunting scenes in the east. Another style of engraving, more slender, is also used to represent giraffes and gazelles on rocks horizontal surface very smooth: it is the style Tazina.

Capsians Atlassi-Neolithic (-4900 / -3300 BC):

Pastoralism is growing more and more (with more sheep and goats with cattle).
The prints become less careful: it is the time of the art "buballin subnaturaliste" and "decadent buballin. Buballes horns are represented without their characteristic striations. It is also the time ithiphalliques or characters are represented.
Burials under tumuli (Bazin / idebnans) began to be used:
In the Fezzan there are "in conical tombs platform, round or rectangular (they répendent to Niger to 4200 BC).
In the Ahaggar there are "passage tombs and enclosures" or "keyhole tombs" which leads to the corridor to the east (the central mound is sometimes crater). Only men are buried. They are stumps on the side, head east.
In the Fezzan, the Messak, and Tamadjert, there are also mounds serving as a sanctuary. It has a low form and are equipped with antennas "V".
Farther south, the conical mounds penetrate to the north of Niger.

Capsians-Chalcolithic (BC -2600 -1200 / 3300 -1700 BC):

Pastoralism is at its peak. These people (called "Tehemous" by the Egyptians) are nomads, except the Maghreb). It's that time of the art "bovidian engraved.
Capsian tribes (peoples Iheren Tahilahi) infiltrates in the central Sahara, Tassili and northern Niger, where they use NLP to "passage graves and pens," the "platform in conical tombs" and of "sanctuaries antennas. They mingle Ounaniens negroid peoples of these regions and take their use of art painted.
New types of tombs Bazinas appear:
In Tadrart Acacus there are "platform mound with concentric pavement. At first only men are buried but then women are also admitted.
In the Fezzan, the Messak, the Ahaggar, Air, the Azawagh, Tassili and into the north of Niger, there are "growing mound. The men are buried there head east and women (few) head west.
In the Tassili there are "barrow, with concentric pavement.
In the south and the Sahara in Niger, there are "tumulus alignments (alignment of stones is placed at the east of the mound and a small cairn any cons to the west) ..
In the Air, the Tassili, Djanet and northern Fezzan, there are "sanctuaries alignments.
The copper begins to be used.

-Lybian / Équidiens / Caballin (BC -300 -1200 / -1600 -300 BC):

The "Sea Peoples" Greeks from Europe settled in Cyrenaica and introduce the use of horses among the Berber Libyans ("Libous" in Egyptian) descendant of Capsians. Introduction of copper in the Air and the north-eastern Niger. This is the time of the art "équidien / Caballin" which represents riders. The designs are engraved on the north and painted in flat areas south ochres (influence of the art of the Negroid Ounanians Sahara). This art goes through several phases:
- "Phase old with tanks": Art is more schematic. The characters are bitriangulaires and galloping horses are flying. The cattle are less represented.
- "Phase average with carrying halberds and spears" The figures have a trefoil head. The perspective is twisted. The goats are replacing more and more cattle. Writing Modern Tifinagh begins to be introduced under the influence of Carthaginians.
- "Phase carrying spears with recent" The tifinagh become common. The characters have a rounded head ornamented with feathers. The horses are excessively so. Camels appear.
Some horsemen are represented even in northern Burkina Faso, which indicates that the infiltration of Libyans were held until then.
The "barrow crescent" arrive in Mauritania. New types of tombs Bazinas appear:
In the Fezzan, Tassili and northern Niger are found "tumuli crater" (without enclosures). Both men and women are buried on the left flank, face turned towards the north.
In the Tassili there are "locked up mounds" cylindrical or quadrangular.
In the north of Niger is répendent the lenticular mound, in ball cap, with alignments and cylindrical platforms.

-Berber capsians / camels (-300 / +600):

The horses are replaced by camels. This is the period of the art "camel" which will stop with Islam.
New types of tombs appear:
In the Ahaggar, the Ahanet, Air and the Tassili finds it "mound coping well" called "Chouchet" in the Maghreb and "tighmarins" Sahara.
In the Tassili and Fezzan and North Africa there are "based paired mound.


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The Egyptians :

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The Egyptians :

The Egyptians are related to people of Afro-Asiatic languages: Berber, Cushitic and Semitic.
Here are their stories

- The proto-Egyptian of Helwan in Lower Egypt (8800-6000 BC / 10600-7300 BC)

under the influence of epi-Asiatic Harifians and Natufians of Palestine.
From the Middle East, agriculture (wheat, barley, wheat, peas, flax) and livestock (cattle, pigs, sheep and goats) are emerging in northern Africa in the 6th millennium BC.
Thus culture is formed around the Fayum Lake Karun (5400-4400 BC):
These tribes have passed oasis agriculture and livestock and use red or black polished pottery.

Formation of the Merimd culture lower-Egypt (5300-4300 BC):


These proto-Egyptians live in round huts, known livestock and agriculture, and manufacture of glossy black or red pottery and incised designs fishbone. They bury their dead on the right side, head south, covered with ocher and wrapped in a shroud of skin or mat. The graves are round pits containing no offerings and they are placed in habitats abandoned.


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The Peoples of IHEREN-TAHILAHI
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The peoples of Iheren-tahilahi are detached from one branch Capsians proto-Berbers who moves in the Tassili and the north of Niger from 2800 to 1800 BC (3500-2200 BC), while drought begins for installed in the Sahara.
They are pastors of oxen with deformed horns, sheep and goats. They drop the rock carvings and paintings adopt as the Abaniora Populations which preceded in the region. Their art style is "white Bovidian Iheren tahilahi-and-Uan Amil. The designs are naturalistic, with flat areas polychrome edged with a fine line.
They leave more arc to replace the nozzle. Their dead are buried in mounds / Bazinas ("passage tombs and enclosures" or "keyhole tombs", "Graves in truncated platform" and "growing mound").

Then, around 2000-1800 BC (2500-2200 BC), they must fold in the Air because of drought, then finally disappear completely from the region become too dry.
It is likely that their descendants are now living the Hausa in northern Nigeria. Indeed, they are of mixed white and black people who speak languages of the group "Chad" (a branch of the Afro-Asian / Semite-Hamitic) ... and they claim to be from Air.

By 1200 BC / 1600 BC, other proto-Berbers from the north will settle on their territory, enjoying a slight decline of drought: it is the riders Libyans. They provide the use of copper, agriculture and art schematic style équidien / Caballin "but under the influence of ancient peoples Iheren-tahilahi, they will drop the print and replace it with paint .


The Guineans :
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The Guineans :

The Guineans are Negroid peoples of Congolese type speaking nigéro-Kordofanian languages .
At first the forests of the Gulf of Guinea were occupied by pygmy-Toumbiens Tschitolian
(-12500 / -5000 BC) as the forests of the Zaire(Congo) basin.
A little further north (in southern Mauritania, Senegal and southern Mali) are true blacks whose culture is a bit like the pygmies Toumbiens: these are Paratoumbiens. They are moving south and settled along the Gulf of Guinea (in repressing the pygmies) to form the Neolithic Guinean or "culture of hoes. They use rude pottery, microliths and stone axes and sticks as digging for the cultivation of tubers. Here are the different stages of this civilization:

3500 / 2300 BC (4400 / 2800 BC)

the Guineans are Paratoumbiens Khanty, Senegal. then Kakimbon Guinea.
2200 / 1500 BC (2700 / 1900 BC), the Guineans are Kamabai and Yengema in Sierra Leone.
1800 / 1500 BC (2200 / 1900 BC), Dhar-Guineans Tichitt and Oualata in south-eastern Mauritania, under the influence of Berber and Ounaniens, begin to grow millet and to use pottery "wavy-lines" and the bullock cart. Go-1600 / 1300 BC (3100 / 1100 BC), Guineans Rim, Burkina Faso grow sorghum and millet and farmers and ranchers are Kitampo of Ivory Coast and Ghana, and move towards the Togo.

Further east, however, other Guineans seem to have entered the forest zone from the north. They bring Dutsen Dongba-Nigeria (5800 / 3400 BC) and then progress to the Cameroon, Obogobo (5100 BC)

Edited by samysamy25, May 15 2010, 01:51 PM.
Arabs And East African Sub-Saharan Ancestory

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faintsmile1992
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The Tenerians were cattle herders, and as Afro-Asiatic was a language family originating among cattle herders, its reasonable to assume that they were bringing an Afro-Asiatic language to the Sahel from the east which would make them 'Cushitic' on your maps according to estimated dates provided by Roger Blench.

Blench also associates the Berber languages with the Capsian Neolithic, and suggests that the Berber languages have reached an 'equilibrium state' through "a constant pattern of migration, back migration and relexification from already closely related languages" to explain the difficulty of finding isoglosses or sound shifts with sufficient common geography to define groups of languages or lects.

He also mentions someone else's suggestion that there are enough Basque cognates in Guanche, although not in contemporary mainland Berber languages, to imply a period of contact existed between Basque and pre-Guanche Berber languages.

This in turn reminds me of the suggestion that there is a language substrate called 'C' that has left traces in the Basque, Berber and Insular Celtic languages to different degrees.

http://www.rogerblench.info/Language%20data/Afroasiatic/Berber/Origini%20paper%20full%20text.pdf
Edited by faintsmile1992, Sep 25 2011, 07:08 PM.
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Jprezy87
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faintsmile1992
Sep 25 2011, 06:12 PM
The Tenerians were cattle herders, and as Afro-Asiatic was a language family originating among cattle herders, its reasonable to assume that they were bringing an Afro-Asiatic language to the Sahel from the east which would make them 'Cushitic' on your maps according to estimated dates provided by Roger Blench.

Blench also associates the Berber languages with the Capsian Neolithic, and suggests that the Berber languages have reached an 'equilibrium state' through "a constant pattern of migration, back migration and relexification from already closely related languages" to explain the difficulty of finding isoglosses or sound shifts with sufficient common geography to define groups of languages or lects.

He also mentions someone else's suggestion that there are enough Basque cognates in Guanche, although not in contemporary mainland Berber languages, to imply a period of contact existed between Basque and pre-Guanche Berber languages.

This in turn reminds me of the suggestion that there is a language substrate called 'C' that has left traces in the Basque, Berber and Insular Celtic languages to different degrees.

http://www.rogerblench.info/Language%20data/Afroasiatic/Berber/Origini%20paper%20full%20text.pdf
so...where do you think afro asiatic ultimately originated??
Fear knocked at the door...I answered...fear ran like a hoe..
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